Consonant blends are 2 or more letter sounds in a row. Some examples include sp as in spot, nd as in land and sn as in snow.
Kids typically learn consonant blends in kindergarten. Educators often introduce phonics sounds in the following order:
- letter sounds
- short vowels ( a_ as in hat, e_ as in hen, i_ as in big, o_ as in hop and u_ as in cup)
- consonant digraphs (sh as in ship, th as in math, th as in then, ch as in chop, _tch as in match, _ck as in back, _ng as in long, _ing as in king, _ang as in sang, wh_ as in when, _ink as in pink, _ank as in tank, qu as in quick)
- consonant blends
Consonant blends samples
Some consonant blends at the beginning of a word:
cr as in crack, craft, crane, cram
br as in brim, brisk, bright, brick
sp as in spot, spam split, spine, spray
bl as in black, blimp, blast, blurry, blend, blue
st as in stop, store, story, still, step
gr as in grin, grip, grill, gray
Some consonant blends at the end of a word:
nd as in land, sand, send, trend, find, blind, hand, pond
ld as in told, gold, bold, fold
lt as in melt, felt, tilt
st as in must, rust, list, mist, wrist, fist
sk as in brisk, risk, disk
mp as in cramp, lamp, gramp, stamp
Consonant blends for beginning readers
The following consonant blends words are appropriate for beginning readers and kindergartners. The words only include short vowels. That way, if a beginner has not learn long vowels yet, he can still practice reading consonant blends.
clan, camp, scan, cast, clam, clap, class, ant, ask, band, black, brass, calf, crab, crack, crash, damp, drag, fact, act, fast, flag, flap, flat, gasp, glad, glass, grab, gram, hand, lack, lamp, land, last, mask, pack, pact, past, plan, slab, brat, blab, raft, ramp, ranch, rasp, scab, slag, slam, slap, scam, snap, stab, track, crack, snack, staff, spat, stag, Stan, swam, gnat, swan, tact, tank, taps, task, track, trap, blast, clasp, spam, craft, cramp, draft, gland, tram, gramp, grand, grasp, plant, stack, thrash, scalp, stamp, stand, strap, cram
slid, clip, list, crip, flip, brim, mist, grip, trim, lift, drum, trip, grin, drip, skid, skin, still, snip, swim, strip, twin, Swiss, spill, twig, silk, wind, skill, fist, milk, gift, twist, split, crisp, swift, slit, spit, grim, skim, trim, slim, skip, slip, brick, click, flick, slick, stick, trick, swish, spin, crib
plop, fond, smog, lost, flop, trot, clop, frog, drop, cost, spot, frost, stop, pond, cross, plot, blot, clog, blog, snob, slob, knob, knot, slot, blob, glob, block, clock, flock, smock, stock
club, rust, plum, plug, drum, spun, lump, just, scrub, dust, jump, bump, stuff, slump, crust, stump, clump, crust, stunt, trust, stub, grub, snub, drug, slug, snug, slum, scum, glum, stun, stud, truck, cluck, pluck, stuck, blush, crush, flush, brush
end, lent, sled, felt, dress, press, bent, nest, bend, dent, wept, rest, step, sent, lend, rent, send, smell, best, spell, stem, mend, swell, test, grill, bled, yelp, sped, melt, desk, held, help, belt left, kept, speck, swept, crept, slept, spent, blend, bred, fled, pled, sled, fret, dwell, smell, fleck, speck, wreck
For a complete list of beginning reader words, check out our cvc word list.
Reading Elephant offers printable consonant blends phonics stories in our shop.
Our printable books are decodable. That means, beginners can read words sound-by-sound and build a strong decoding foundation. Our books gently introduce one phonics sound at a time. That way, kids can gain mastery over each phonics sound before they learn another.
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